Ammonium chloride-Ammonium chloride(NH4Cl)
Ammonium chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula NH4Cl and a white crystalline salt that is highly soluble in water. Solutions of ammonium chloride are mildly acidic. Sal ammoniac is the name of the natural, mineralogical form of ammonium chloride. The mineral is commonly formed on burning coal dumps from the condensation of coal-derived gases. It is also found around some types of volcanic vents. It is mainly used as fertilizer and a flavoring agent in some types of licorice. It is the product of the reaction of hydrochloric acid and ammonia.
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Crude oil or petroleum is a thick, flammable liquid of burnt brown or dark green, or black that is found in the upper layers of parts of the Earth’s crust. The oil contains a complex mixture of different hydrocarbons. Most of these hydrocarbons are from the alkane chain; But inwardly, composition or purity may vary greatly. Oil is called black gold. Oil is considered a fossil fuel and is non-renewable.
Kerosene, also known as paraffin, lamp oil, and coal oil (an obsolete term), is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid which is derived from petroleum. It is widely used as a fuel in aviation as well as households. Its name derives from Greek: κηρός (keros) meaning “ wax“, and was registered as a trademark by Canadian geologist and inventor Abraham Gesner in 1854 before evolving into a genericized trademark. It is sometimes spelled kerosine in scientific and industrial usage.
Gasoil (French: Gasoil) or petroleum gas or diesel fuel (French: Diésel) is used as fuel for diesel engines and thermal installations. Its hydrocarbon range is between C14-C20 and even C25 with a boiling point range of 385-250 degrees Celsius. Petroleum gas mainly consists of three groups of paraffinic, naphthenic and aromatic, has a minimum flash point of 54 ° C and a maximum pour point of 0 ° C.
According to zinc testers (or viscosity), it means: the penetration of a standard needle with a certain shape in millimeters under the effect of a load of 100 grams in 5 seconds in bitumen Which takes place at a temperature of 25 ° C. The obtained number indicates the permeability of bitumen
Gasoline , or petrol is a clear petroleum-derived flammable liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in most spark-ignited internal combustion engines. It consists mostly of organic compounds obtained by the fractional distillation of petroleum, enhanced with a variety of additives.